A comprehensive view of the violin and viola, detailing their historical development and changing structure; contributions of the legendary Cremona school of makers and of Stradivarius; techniques and improvements advocated by legendary teachers; the great schools of players, from Corelli to Paganini; and the demands imposed by the growth of the nineteenth-century orchestra. Also included: teaching and acoustics, covering scientific properties of the vibrating string, the harmonic series, tone color, intonation, and much more. Includes music examples, diagrams, and 24 plates. Introduction to the Dover edition by the author. Unabridged republication of The Violin and Viola, originally published in 1972 by Ernest Benn, London, and W. W. Norton, New York.